My most valuable asset is a pair of good ol’ ears, combined with 20 years of experience working with artists in great studios all over the globe.
— Raf

An Accurate Listening Environment

Critical listening is probably the single most important part of any studio. You cannot correct what you cannot hear accurately. Our room is carefully treated for mastering. Renowned studio designer and acoustics consultant Jim Keller at Sondhus has extensively analyzed our studio for room modes, natural decays, and early reflections, laser aligning the monitoring speakers placement. This maximizes our  stereo image “sweet spot” and addresses any constructive (or destructive) speaker boundary interference response (SBIR). Any measurable flutter echo, comb filtering, and standing waves has been eliminated with acoustic wall panels and bass traps from GIK Acoustics, thus creating a neutral environment for listening to your tracks.

Full Range Monitoring

Our monitoring path consist of dedicated mastering grade digital-to-analog converters, studio monitoring controller and high-end speakers. We've chosen the Barefoot MicroMain 27 speakers as our main monitors for their amazing transparency and accuracy translating to other listening environments and systems. They have an even frequency response 30Hz to 45kHz (±3dB) - from a big bottom, warm punchy midrange to a wide clear top end, at both low and high playback levels. They are wonderful for both mixing and mastering. As the saying goes: “Barefoots don't lie

As a backup reference, we have a pair of Tyler Acoustics D1's, a quintessential speaker system at many world-class mastering houses. For crosschecking mixes and masters on headphones, we utilize a pair of AKG K702 Reference Studio Headphones – arguably a standard at many mixing facilities.

Signal Path

The audio leaves the computer via CraneSong's HEDD 192, a high-end AD/DA converter considered by many to be a workhorse. From the converter, it goes through a 100% analogue mastering console hand-built by Maselec. In the console's inserts, we've added premium and customized hardware: it's got everything from tube compression and valve equalizers to tape reel saturation. This can add lots of character and warmth to any recording, though most significantly to digital audio recordings mixed in-the-box. Once the signal is processed, it goes back to the HEDD, and into the computer for any final edits. Depending on the situation, project, and content, we may utilize mastering software applications for very transparent processing, fine editing, and precise sequencing.

Mastering Console

We've selected a Maselec MTC-1X as our master transfer console. It's a very neutral piece of gear with mastering-grade gains, a stereo width control, M-S with gain controls, parallel processing, cut-off filters, and an elliptical filter for vinyl cutting. The advantage of this console is having all the mastering gear connected directly to it, thus avoiding any potential signal degradation.  It is also fantastic for A/B comparisons at every stage of the chain, you can always reference back to the original mixdown rather easily, making the workflow efficient.

Equipment List


  • AMS Neve 8816

  • Black Box Design HG-2 Tube Processor

  • Chandler Limited TG12345 Curve Bender Mastering EQ

  • Empirical Labs EL-7 FATSO

  • Elysia XFilter EQ

  • Foote Control Systems P3S Class-A Mastering Compressor

  • Foote Control Systems High-Pass Filter (Custom-built)

  • Kush Audio Clariphonic Dual-channel Parallel EQ

  • Manley Massive Passive Tube EQ (Mastering Version)

  • Manley Stereo VariMu Mastering Tube Limiter Compressor (Mod)

  • Millennia NSEQ-2 Parametric EQ

  • Nagra III Tape Recorder (1967)

  • Otari MX5050 1/2” reel-to-reel tape machine

  • Rupert Neve Designs 511 500 Series Mic Pre-Amps (x 2)

  • Shadow Hills Industries Mastering Compressor

  • Siemens W295b Discrete Class-A Dual Solid State EQ (1960's)

  • Solid State Logic G-Series Stereo Buss Compressor

  • Summit EQP-200A Dual Tube Pultec EQ

  • Thermionic Culture Vulture Mastering Plus Stereo Valve Dist

  • Universal Audio LA-610 Classic Tube Recording Channel


  • Maselec MTC-1X Stereo Mastering Console


  • CraneSong HEDD 192 AD/DA Converter


  • Ableton Live 10 Suite

  • Arturia V Collection 6

  • Audiofile Engineering Triumph 2.5 (DDP Authoring)

  • Avid ProTools 11

  • Brainworx Bx Limiter

  • Brainworx Bx Meter

  • Brainworx M/S EQ and Dynamic EQ plugins

  • Eventide Anthology XI

  • FabFilter Pro Total Bundle plug-ins (Pro -Q 3, Pro -L 2, etc)

  • Goodhertz plug-ins

  • iZotope Insight metering

  • iZotope Ozone 8

  • iZotope RX 6 Audio Repair Toolkit

  • Native Instruments Komplete 11

  • PSP Audioware plugins

  • SoundToys Native Effects V5

  • Spectrasonics Omnisphere 2

  • Universal Audio Apollo 16 MKII w/UAD-2 powered plugins

  • Universal Audio Satellite OCTO UAD-2 accelerator (x 2 )

  • Voxengo plug-ins

  • WaveLab Pro 9.5 Mastering Suite


  • Barefoot MM27 Monitor Speakers

  • Bel Canto C5i Integrated Amplifier

  • Crane Song Avocet Discrete Class A Studio Controller

  • GIK Acoustics Softit Bass Traps

  • GIK Acoustics 244 Bass Traps

  • GIK Acoustics Monster Bass Traps

  • Sound Anchor ADJ-27 Speaker Stands (Custom)

  • Sterling Modular Plan A Desk

  • Sterling Modular Versa II 2-Bay Rack

  • Tyler Acoustics Decade Series D1 Speakers


  • API 500-6B Lunchbox

  • Chase Bliss Audio Gravitas Tremolo

  • Chase Bliss Audio Warped Vinyl Chorus/Vibrato

  • Chase Bliss Audio Tonal Recall Delay

  • Earthquake Devices Avalanche Run Stereo Delay and Reverb

  • EarthQuaker Devices Transmisser Resonant Reverberator

  • Echoplex Maestro Sireko Tape Echo (Vintage, 1978)

  • Ekdahl Moisturizer Spring Reverb unit

  • Electro-Harmonix Cathedral Reverb

  • Electro-Harmonix Holy Grail

  • Empress Effects Reverb

  • Eventide H3000 D/SE Ultra-Harmonizer

  • Eventide H9 Harmonizer effects processor

  • Eventide Pitchfactor Harmonizer

  • Eventide Space Reverb

  • Eventide TimeFactor Delay

  • Fulltone OCD Overdrive pedal

  • Fulltone Fat-Boost pedal

  • Industrial Electric Echo Degrader

  • Industrial Electric RM-1N

  • Lexicon Super Prime Time M97 delay

  • MIDIVERB II by Alesis

  • Montreal Assembly Count To Five looper

  • Moog MF-101 Lowpass Filter

  • Moog MF-104M Analog Delay x 2

  • Moog MF-108M Cluster Flux

  • Moog MF-105M MIDI MuRF x 2

  • Pro Co RAT Distortion (Vintage)

  • Retro Channel Trouble Booster

  • Retro Mechanical Labs 432k Distortion

  • Retro Mechanical Labs Electron Fuzz Custom

  • Roland Space Echo RE-201 tape delay

  • Roland Chorus Echo RE-301 tape delay

  • Snazzy FX Wow & Flutter (LTD edition/custom) delay

  • Strymon Flint Tremolo & Reverb

  • Studio Quad 4

  • WEM Watkins Copicat Tape Echo

  • Zvex FuzzFactory Distortion

  • Zvex Inventobox Distortion


  • ARP Odyssey Module Analog Synthesizer

  • Aztec Death Whistle (x 2)

  • DSI Tetra Polyphonic Analog Synthesizer

  • Eastwood Mandocaster 12

  • Epiphone Les Paul Baritone guitar (mod by Chris Tatalias)

  • Fender American Standard Jazz bass guitar

  • Fender American Standard Precision bass guitar (1962)

  • Fender American Standard Precision bass guitar (mod)

  • Fender American Vintage '62 Jaguar reissue electric guitar (mod)

  • Fender Jaguar MIJ electric guitar (mod)

  • Fender Jaguar Baritone Custom

  • Fender Jazzmaster MIJ electric guitar (mod by Chris Tatalias)

  • Gibson Les Paul Studio electric guitar

  • Gibson SG Studio electric guitar

  • Guild JF4-NT acoustic guitar (1979)

  • Guild Starfire III semi-electric guitar

  • KORG MS-20 Semi Modular Synthesizer

  • Moog Minitaur Analog Bass Synthesizer

  • Moog Mother-32 Semi Modular Synthesizer

  • Rickenbacker 330/12 12-string electric guitar (custom)

  • Simon & Patrick Luthier Woodland parlor guitar

  • Yamaha Reface CS


  • AKG K702 Reference Studio Headphones

  • BeyerDynamic MC 930 microphones (matched stereo pair)

  • Blue Baby Bottle Class-A Cardioid Condenser Microphone

  • Focal Spirit Pro Reference Studio Headphones

  • Native Instruments Kontrol S88

  • Radial Engineering ProRMP Passive re-amping device x 4

  • Redco Audio cables (custom-built)

  • Rickenbacker Guitar Amp Model TR7 (Vintage '78)

  • Samson S-Patch Plus patchbays x 4

  • Shure KSM44 Dual-Diaphragm Condenser Microphone

  • Shure SM57 Dynamic Microphone

  • Sunn Sceptre amplifier (vintage ’68 original)

  • Sunn Sonaro Bass amp (Vintage ’69 original)

  • Sunn 1 X 15 Bass Amp Cabinet (Vintage ’68)

  • Sunn 4 x 10 cabinet (vintage ’69 original)